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Hematuria—Child

(Blood in the Urine—Child)

Definition

Hematuria means blood in the urine. Normally, urine does not contain any blood. There are 2 kinds of hematuria:
The Urinary Tract
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Causes

Hematuria can be caused by many conditions, such as:
Sometimes the exact cause is not found.

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase your child's chance of hematuria include:

Symptoms

In some cases, there may be other symptoms with hematuria. These other symptoms will depend on the underlying condition that is causing the hematuria. For example, if a urinary tract infection is the cause, your child may have to urinate often. There may also be a burning feeling during urination.
Call your child's doctor if you see blood in the urine.

Diagnosis

The doctor will ask about your child’s symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Tests to look for infections and signs of kidney trouble may include:
Your child's doctor may also need to look at the kidneys and urinary tract. Imaging tests may include:
Other tests that may be done include:

Treatment

Treatment will depend on the cause. Some causes do not require treatment. Other causes can be treated with medication. For example, a urinary tract infection is treated with antibiotics.
Surgery may be needed if the urinary tract is blocked.

Prevention

By treating the underlying condition, the doctor may be able to prevent your child from developing hematuria.

RESOURCES

Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://www.familydoctor.org

National Kidney Foundation http://www.kidney.org

CANADIAN RESOURCES

BC Health Guide http://www.healthlinkbc.ca

The Kidney Foundation of Canada http://www.kidney.ca

References

Hematuria. Boston Children's Hospital website. Available at: http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site1000/mainpageS1000P0.html. Accessed March 8, 2012.

Hematuria: Blood in the urine. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/hematuria. Updated February 2007. Accessed March 8, 2012.

Hematuria in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 17, 2010. Accessed March 8, 2012.

Urination problems. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/health-tools/search-by-symptom/urination-problems.html. Accessed March 8, 2012.

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